State Profile

  • Geographical Area : 79.70 lakh ha
  • Cultivable Area : 38 lakh ha
  • Net Shown Area : 25 - 26 lakh ha
  • Rainfall : 1300 mm (Normal)
  • No. of Districts - 24
  • No. of Blocks - 263
  • Major Crops : Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Pulses, Oilseeds & Horticultural Crops

    S No.

     Crops

    Area

    (000 ha)

    Production (000 MT)

    1.

    Rice

    1763.548

    5322.269

    2.

    Wheat

    225.09

    469.408

    3.

    Maize

    278.032

    606.424

    4.

    Pulses (Arhar, Urad, Moong, Gram etc.)

    866.364

    898.567

    5.

    Oilseed (Mustard, Niger, Til, Groundnut etc.)

    494.405

    393.546

    6

    Fruits

    83.853

    859.008

    7

    Vegetable

    295.273

    4196.700

    8

    Cashew Nut

    19.659

    9.858

  • Minor Crops : Maize, Arhar, Urad, Moong, Wheat, Gram, Mustard

  • Constraints:

    • Run off loss and soil erosion and Low level of irrigation.
    • Mono Cropping.
    • Cultivation of waste land.
    • Lack of Organized marketing facilities.
    • Soil Acidity and poor soil condition.
    • Increase in kharif area/area expansion-Coverage of fallow land, increase in pulses, oil seed and coarse cereals area Inadequate seed.
    • Low Farm mechanization
    • Low credit/insurance
    • Poor infrastructure for post harvest and value addition.
  • Achievements:

    • Increase in paddy productivity (from 20 q/ha to 30 q/ha)
    • Increase in paddy production (32 lakh ton to 44 lakh ton).
    • Increase in area under pulses from 4.66 lakha ha to 5.90 lakhs ha.
    • Increase in production under pulses from 4.12 lakh ton to 5.90 lakh ton.
    • Increase in Rabi area from 5.92 lakh ha to 6.12 lakh ha.
    • Promotion of notified hybrid – 60000 qtl paddy seed distributed (4.28 lakh ha)
    • Construction of 6000 MT godown in each district.
    • Agriculture Technology Information Center (ATIC) in each block.
    • Participation of 2.400 lakh farmers of Jharkhand in Krishi Mahotsov ratha yatra from 27 May- 12th June, 2015
    • Massive Seed treatment campaign in each block and panchayat
    • Renovation of Govt. tank-861 no.
    • Construction of new pond and check dam-1982no.
  • Thrust Areas identified by State Government.

    • Soil water conservation and increase in irrigation potential
    • Irrigation infrastructure tie up with other departments
    • Promotion of Soil Amendment for acidic soil, Soil Health Card
    • Increase in Rabi area.
    • Area Expansion in Kharif- coverage of fallow land.
    • Promotion of Oilseed and Pulses
    • Enhancement of area under cashew production.
    • Rainfed Horticulture
    • Quality Seed production and distribution.
    • Seed Production in Seed multiplication farm, Seed Village
    • Promotion of SRI and Hybrid Rice programme.
    • Promotion of Kisan Credit Card to farmers.
    • Coverage National Agriculture Insurance Scheme
    • Farm Mechanization (Equipment bank for custom hiring).
    • Coverage of waste land with horticultural/plantation crop
    • Promotion of Solar Power.

  • Coverage, Production and Productivity of Different crops of Jharkhand

    Paddy

    Year  Coverage in 000 ha Production in 000 tones Productivity kg /ha
    2007-08 1643.782 3326.407 2023
    2008-09 1670.330 3400.187 2035
    2009-10 981.693 1518.364 1546
    2010-11 720.317 1110.006 1541
    2011-12 1693.796 5614.931 3315
    2012-13 1414.462 3991.222 2833
    2013-14 1255.873 3637.447 2896
    2014-15 1502.177 4324.456 2879
    2015-16* 1588.879 2569.411 1617
    2016-17 1678.960 4988.065 2971
    2017-18 1735.411 5131.954 2957
    2018-19 1527.103 2894.101 1895
    2019-20 1357.726 3612.588 2661
    2020-21 1750.605 5123.083 2926

    Maize

    Year  Coverage in 000 ha Production in 000 tones Productivity kg /ha
    2007-08 237.41 358.245 1621
    2008-09 216.066 304.002 1407
    2009-10 189.999 217.458 1332
    2010-11 215.399 261.715 1215
    2011-12 255.069 408.889 1603
    2012-13 249.335 451.693 1812
    2013-14 256.942 517.029 2012
    2014-15 289.009 384.932 1559
    2016-17* 286.231 578.066 2020
    2017-18 294.698 596.727 2025
    2018-19 261.089 455.314 1744
    2019-20 256.771 510.928 1990
    2020-21 298.149 851.837 2186

    Pulses

    Year  Coverage in 000 ha Production in 000 tones Productivity kg /ha
    2007-08 393.668 295.181 750
    2008-09 387.536 280.785 724
    2009-10 301.767 219.729 728
    2010-11 405.275 312.422 771
    2011-12 538.784 492.25 914
    2012-13 586.965 686.219 1169
    2013-14 566.841 578.635 1020
    2014-15 594.661 597.068 1004
    2015-16 553.493 495.134 895
    2016-17* 350.317 300.141 857
    2017-18 791.848 871.475 1101
    2018-19 742.786 735.223 990
    2019-20 791.482 814.841 1030
    2020-21 862.234 920.838 1068

    Oilseeds

    Year  Coverage in 000 ha Production in 000 tones Productivity kg /ha
    2007-08 124.346 68.881 554
    2008-09 130.522 73.306  
    2009-10 141.454 78.875 557
    2010-11 182.013 113.66 624
    2011-12 264.831 174.493 659
    2012-13 250.586 197.235 783
    2013-14 275.816 182.852 663
    2014-15 267.560 180.458 674
    2015-16 283.187 188.448 665
    2016-17* 21.583 21.457 778
    2017-18 416.763 297.067 713
    2018-19 334.048 228.491 684
    2019-20 368.138 288.456 784
    2020-21 513.596 404.762 788